The word "probiotic" is derived from Greek, meaning English for "for life" meaning "for life".
Probiotics are "microorganisms which live when properly managed in a population that provides a host of health benefits (FAO 2001)."
Throughout the years, many other definitions have been proposed, but this definition from FAO is highly agreed.
In 1992 Havenaar expanded the definition of probiotics: Probiotics are defined as individual cultures or a mixture of living microorganisms that have beneficial effects on the host by improving microbiological properties. native character.
Scientists know more and more about the role of bacteria in keeping people healthy and the health benefits associated with using the right type and level of microorganisms every day.
Benefits of using probiotics:
Probiotics are also used extensively in pond cleaning in aquaculture. Live bacteria use directly or decompose organic matter or toxins, helping to improve water quality. During development, these microorganisms produce a variety of enzymes such as amylase, protease, lipase, phytase and cellulase with high content. These bacteria have good tolerance with large fluctuations in: temperature, pH. While the use of antibiotics has been restricted for use in aquaculture due to antibiotic residues in livestock. Therefore, the use of probiotics helps to limit the effects of viruses and bacteria and keep animals healthy, absorbing good food, and competing the habitat of harmful bacteria.
In addition to its application in environmental treatment, the use of probiotics is an effective and widely applied antibiotic alternative in the world thanks to the following advantages:
- Compete your environment with harmful bacteria, thereby limiting the growth of harmful bacteria.
- Enhance digestion, help absorb food better.
- Reduce the content of cholesteron.
- Helps prevent ulcers in the digestive system.
- Improve lactose tolerance in the digestive system.
- Enhance immunity.
- Reducing the activity of fecal enzymes (β-glucuronidase, azoreductase, nitroreductase, and 7-α-dehydrogenase) is the cause of cancer cell development.
- Reduce liver toxicity.
Biotechnology is a collection of science and technology disciplines, including molecular biology, genetics, microbiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology, to create technological processes.
Science and technology is currently on the strong development. In particular, the most prominent is nanotechnology. The birth and development of this technology industry has created a turning point in the development process of mankind.